One of America’s Favorites – Cincinnati Chili

June 28, 2021 at 6:02 AM | Posted in One of America's Favorites | Leave a comment
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A Cincinnati chili 4-way garnished with oyster crackers

Cincinnati chili (or Cincinnati-style chili) is a Mediterranean-spiced meat sauce used as a topping for spaghetti or hot dogs (“coneys”); both dishes were developed by Macedonian immigrant restaurateurs in the 1920s. In 2013, Smithsonian named it one of the “20 Most Iconic Foods in America”. Its name evokes comparison to chili con carne, but the two are dissimilar in consistency, flavors and serving methods, which for Cincinnati chili more resemble Greek pasta sauces and the spiced-meat hot dog topping sauces seen in other parts of the United States.

Ingredients include ground beef, water or stock, tomato paste, spices such as cinnamon, nutmeg, allspice, clove, cumin, chili powder, bay leaf, and in some home recipes unsweetened dark chocolate in a soupy consistency. The most popular order is a ‘three-way’, which adds shredded cheddar cheese to the chili-topped spaghetti (‘two-way’), while serving it ‘four-‘ or ‘five-ways’ comes from addition of chopped onions and/or beans. Dishes are often served with oyster crackers and a mild hot sauce. Cincinnati chili is almost never served or eaten by the bowl.

While served in many local restaurants, it is most often associated with the over 250 independent and chain “chili parlors” (restaurants specializing in Cincinnati chili) found throughout greater Cincinnati with franchise locations throughout Ohio and in Kentucky, Indiana, Florida, and the Middle East. The dish is the Cincinnati area’s best-known regional food.

Skyline Chili location in Cincinnati

Cincinnati chili originated with immigrant restaurateurs from Macedonia who were trying to expand their customer base by moving beyond narrowly ethnic styles of cuisine. Ethnic Macedonians Tom and John Kiradjieff immigrated from the town of Hrupishta (today’s Argos Orestiko in Greece), fleeing the Balkan Wars, ethnic rivalries, and bigotry, in 1921. They began serving a “stew with traditional Mediterranean spices” as a topping for hot dogs which they called “coneys” in 1922 at their hot dog stand located next to a burlesque theater called the Empress, which they named their business after. Tom Kiradjieff used the sauce to modify a traditional Greek dish, speculated to have been pastitsio, moussaka or saltsa kima to come up with a dish he called chili spaghetti. He first developed a recipe calling for the spaghetti to be cooked in the chili but changed his method in response to customer requests and began serving the sauce as a topping, eventually adding grated cheese as a topping for both the chili spaghetti and the coneys, also in response to customer requests.

To make ordering more efficient, the brothers created the “way” system of ordering. The style has since been copied and modified by many other restaurant proprietors, often fellow Greek and Macedonian immigrants who had worked at Empress restaurants before leaving to open their own chili parlors, often following the business model to the point of locating their restaurants adjacent to theaters.

Empress was the largest chili parlor chain in Cincinnati until 1949, when a former Empress employee and Greek immigrant, Nicholas Lambrinides, started Skyline Chili. In 1965, four brothers named Daoud, immigrants from Jordan, bought a restaurant called Hamburger Heaven from a former Empress employee. They noticed that the Cincinnati chili was outselling the hamburgers on their menu and changed the restaurant’s name to Gold Star Chili. As of 2015, Skyline (over 130 locations) and Gold Star (89 locations) were the largest Cincinnati chili parlor chains, while Empress had only two remaining locations, down from over a dozen during the chain’s most successful period.

Gold Star Chili restaurant interior

Besides Empress, Skyline, and Gold Star, there are also smaller chains such as Dixie Chili and Deli and numerous independents including the acclaimed Camp Washington Chili. Other independents include Pleasant Ridge Chili, Blue Ash Chili, Park Chili Parlor, Price Hill Chili, Chili Time, Orlando based Cincinnati Chili Company, and the Blue Jay Restaurant, in all totalling more than 250 chili parlors. In 1985 one of the founders of Gold Star Chili, Fahid Daoud, returned to Jordan, where he opened his own parlor, called Chili House. Outside of Jordan, Chili House as of 2020 had locations in Iran, Iraq, Libya, Oman, Palestine, Turkey and Qatar.

In addition to the chili parlors, some version of Cincinnati chili is commonly served at many local restaurants. Arnold’s Bar and Grill, the oldest bar in the city, serves a vegetarian “Cincy Lentils” dish ordered in “ways.” Melt Eclectic Cafe offers a vegan 3-way. For Restaurant Week 2018, a local mixologist developed a cocktail called “Manhattan Skyline,” a Cincinnati chili-flavored whiskey cocktail.

The history of Cincinnati chili shares many factors in common with the apparently independent but simultaneous development of the Coney Island hot dog in other areas of the United States. “Virtually all” were developed by Greek or Macedonian immigrants who passed through Ellis Island as they fled the fallout from the Balkan Wars in the first two decades of the twentieth century.

Partially eaten 5-way from Skyline, garnished with oyster crackers

Raw ground beef is crumbled in water and/or stock, tomato paste and seasonings are added, and the mixture is brought to a boil and then simmered for several hours to form a thin meat sauce. Many recipes call for an overnight chill in the refrigerator to allow for easy skimming of fat and to allow flavors to develop, then reheating to serve. Typical proportions are 2 pounds of ground beef to 4 cups of water and 6 oz tomato paste to make 8 servings.

Ordering Cincinnati chili is based on a specific ingredient series: chili, spaghetti, shredded cheddar cheese, diced onions, and kidney beans. The number before the “way” of the chili determines which ingredients are included in each chili order. Customers order a:

* Two-way: spaghetti topped with chili (also called “chili spaghetti”)
* Three-way: spaghetti, chili, and cheese
* Four-way onion: spaghetti, chili, onions, and cheese
* Four-way bean: spaghetti, chili, beans, and cheese
* Five-way: spaghetti, chili, beans, onions, and cheese
small oval white plate with cheese coney showing bun, hot dog, sauce, and shredded cheese
Skyline cheese coney (hot dog topped with Cincinnati-style chili, mustard, onions, and a heap of shredded cheese)

Skyline cheese coney (hot dog topped with Cincinnati-style chili, mustard, onions, and a heap of shredded cheese)

* Some chili parlors will also serve the dish “inverted”: cheese on the bottom, so that it melts. Some restaurants, among them Skyline and Gold Star, do not use the term “four-way bean”, instead using the term “four-way” to denote a three-way plus the customer’s choice of onions or beans. Some restaurants may add extra ingredients to the way system; for example, Dixie Chili offers a “six-way”, which adds chopped garlic to a five-way. Cincinnati chili is also used as a hot dog topping to make a “coney”, a regional variation on the Coney Island chili dog, which is topped with shredded cheddar cheese to make a “cheese coney”. The standard coney also includes mustard and chopped onion. The “three-way” and the cheese coney are the most popular orders.

Very few customers order a bowl of plain chili. Most chili parlors do not offer plain chili as a regular menu item. Polly Campbell, former food editor of The Cincinnati Enquirer, calls ordering a bowl of chili, “Ridiculous. Would you order a bowl of spaghetti sauce? Because that’s what you’re doing.”

Serving and eating
Ways and coneys are traditionally served in a shallow oval bowl. Oyster crackers are usually served with Cincinnati chili,[9] and a mild hot sauce such as Tabasco is frequently available to be used as an optional topping to be added at the table. Locals eat Cincinnati chili as if it were a casserole, cutting each bite with the side of the fork instead of twirling the noodles.

 

Cheese and Turkey Chili Dogs

September 28, 2017 at 4:47 PM | Posted in Ball Park Smoked Turkey Franks, chili | Leave a comment
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Today’s Menu: Cheese and Turkey Chili Dogs

 

 

For Breakfast this morning I made a 2 Egg Cheese Omelet along with 2 Jennie – O Turkey Breakfast Patties, toasted a slice of Aunt Millie’s Light Whole Grain Bread, and a cup of Bigelow Decaf Green Tea. Outside it’s a bit cooler, 47 degrees this morning and a high of 73 degrees. It looks like more of Fall like weather has moved in finally! Cleaned the brushes of our vacuum then cleaned the house, dusted and vacuum. Then outside got my handy leaf blower out and cleaned the deck and driveway off. After Lunch I repotted a couple of flowers for Mom, sure is nice out! Then got the cart out and enjoyed the rest of the afternoon. Went around the neighborhood and down to the lake. For Dinner tonight Cheese and Turkey Chili Dogs.

 

I had just enough of my 2 Bean Turkey Chili leftover to make some Cheese and Turkey Chili Dogs. To make them I’ll need; 3 Bean Turkey Chili, Ball Park Smoked Turkey Franks, Aunt Millie’s Reduced Calorie Whole Grain Hot Dog Buns, French’s Yellow Mustard, and Sargento Reduced Fat Shredded Sharp Cheddar Cheese. Them are some good fixings to make some Coneys with!

 

 

 

 

To prepare them; Heat the Chili in a medium saucepan until just heated through. Next I cooked the Hot Dogs. I used a medium size sauce pan, filled 3/4 full of water and heated to a boil. When water was boiling I added the Franks, boiled for 5 minutes. Removed the pan from the heat, drained the water, and prepared the Cheddar Chili Dogs. Spread each Bun with Mustard. Place a Hot Dog in each Bun and top with Beans. Sprinkle each with Cheese. These turned out fantastic, love the Chili and Cheddar toppings.

 

 

Served it with some Ruffles Reduced Fat Potato Chips and some Lay’s Ranch Dip. Also had a Caffeine Free Diet Coke. For Dessert later a Weight Watcher’s Cookies and Cream Ice Cream Bar.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ball Park Smoked White Meat Turkey Franks – Dial up the lean while you dial in the flavor

Ball Park Turkey Franks are so packed full of classic Ball Park satisfaction, don’t be surprised if he thinks he’s eating an original Ball Park.

Nutrition Facts Serving Size 50 G
Servings Per Container 8
Amount Per Serving Calories 45 Calories from Fat 0 % Daily Value* Total Fat 0 G 0 Saturated Fat 0 G 0 Trans Fat 0 G Cholesterol 10 Mg 3 Sodium 490 Mg 20 Potassium 3780 Mg 11 Total Carbohydrate 5 G 2 Dietary Fiber 0 G 0 Sugars 1 G Protein 6 G

http://ballparkbrand.com/#!/products/turkey

Chili and Cheese Coneys!

May 17, 2014 at 5:31 PM | Posted in chili, Healthy Life Whole Grain Breads, Hormel, Oscar Mayer, Sargento's Cheese | 3 Comments
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Today’s Menu: Chili and Cheese Coneys!

 

Chili and Cheese Coneys 008
Only about 40 degrees this morning, Spring time? The high for the day wasn’t much higher and there was a cold breeze blowing all day. But 70’s and 80’s coming the upcoming week. Ran Mom around for a few errands and home. For dinner tonight, nothing but comfort food! Tonight it’s Chili and Cheese Coneys!

 

 

 

 

I used Oscar Mayer Extra Lean Turkey Franks. Just boiled them for 5 minutes and they were ready. A very lean Hot Dog, only 50 calories and 4 carbs per Hot Dog. Then for the Chili I used Hormel Turkey Chili with Beans. One of the best canned Chilis there is, in my opinion. It’s a nice thick Chili and seasoned just right with plenty of Beans. Emptied the can into a small sauce pan and heated it up for about 10 minutes or so. I did add a few shakes of Frank’s Red Hot Sauce to the Chili as it was heating up.

 

 

Pillsbury Nut Quick Bread 001

Served everything on a Healthy Life Whole Grain Hot Dog Bun. Topped the Dog with French’s Yellow Mustard, Sargento Reduced Fat Shredded Sharp Cheddar Cheese, and then the Chili and they were ready to go! Nothing better than a couple of Cincinnati Style Chili and Cheese Coneys for dinner! For dessert later, I had baked some Pillsbury Nut Quick Bread. Instead of adding 2 Eggs to the batter I used Egg Beaters, 2 Eggs (Medium size) is 140 calories while 2 servings of Egg Beaters is only 50 calories. So I’ll have a slice of the Nut Quick Bread topped with a scoop of Breyer’s Carb Smart Vanilla Bean Ice Cream.

 

 

 

 

 
Oscar Mayer Extra Lean Turkey FranksOscar Mayer Extra Lean Turkey Franks

 

These hardwood smoked, bun length turkey franks are 95% fat free and only 50 calories per serving. Enjoy this lean poultry option the next time you’re looking for a hot dog, but without all the fat and calories of a beef frank.

Ingredients: TURKEY INGREDIENTS (TURKEY, MECHANICALLY SEPARATED TURKEY), WATER, MODIFIED CORN STARCH, CORN SYRUP, CONTAINS LESS THAN 2% OF DEXTROSE, POTASSIUM CHLORIDE, FLAVOR, HYDROLYZED BEEF STOCK, SODIUM PHOSPHATES, SALT, SODIUM PROPIONATE, MUSTARD FLOUR, SODIUM DIACETATE, SODIUM BENZOATE, LEMON JUICE SOLIDS, SODIUM ASCORBATE, EXTRACTIVES OF PAPRIKA, SODIUM NITRITE.

 

Nutrition Facts
Serving Size 50g Servings per Container about 8 Amount Per Serving
Calories 50 Calories from Fat 20
% Daily Value*
Total Fat 2.5g 4 % Saturated Fat 0.5g 3 % Trans Fat 0g 0 % Cholesterol 20mg 7 % Sodium 400mg 17 % Total Carbohydrate 4g 1 % Dietary Fiber 0g 0 % Sugars 1g Protein 5g

 
http://www.kraftbrands.com/oscarmayer/hot-dogs/extra-lean-franks.html

 

 

 

 

 

Hormel Turkey Chili with BeansHormel Turkey Chili w Beans

 

Hormel Chili, Turkey with Beans, 99% Fat Free Always easy and always delicious, Hormel® chili is made with carefully selected beef, red beans, tomatoes and a special combination of spices. Our choice ingredients are blended and simmered, resulting in a rich and hearty flavor—perfect for dips, baked potatoes, hamburgers, casseroles, nachos, hot dogs, French fries and so much more. Hormel® chili now comes in 10 varieties and sizes, including a less sodium variety. Whether you serve it in a bowl, on a hot dog, or as a topping for fries and nachos, choose the chili craved by chili lovers—Hormel® chili.

 

 

NUTRITION FACTS Serving size 1 cup

Value My Daily Value Calories 210 cal Total Fat 3 g Saturated Fat 1 g Trans Fat 0 g Cholesterol 45 mg Sodium 1200 mg Total Carbohydrate 28 g Dietary Fiber 6 g Sugars 6 g Protein 17 g

 

 

http://www.hormelfoods.com/Brands/BrandWall/Hormel-chili

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