One of America’s Favorites – Mixed Nuts

December 14, 2020 at 6:02 AM | Posted in Uncategorized | 2 Comments
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A typical assortment of mixed nuts

Mixed nuts are a snack food consisting of any mixture of mechanically or manually combined nuts. Peanuts (actually a legume), almonds, walnuts, Brazil nuts, cashews, hazelnuts (filberts), and pecans are common constituents of mixed nuts. Mixed nuts may be salted, roasted, cooked, or blanched.

In addition to being eaten directly, mixed nuts can be used in cooking, such as for Tunisian farka, tarts, and toffee. Trail mix consists of nuts mixed with raisins and other dry ingredients.

 

 

In Japan, mixed nuts are the second most popular table nuts, behind sweet chestnuts; in the United States, they are second only to peanuts. Mixed nuts have also gained in popularity in the Argentinian market, which imported some $1.9 million in 1997, nearly half from the U.S. During the year 2002, U.S. companies sold $783 million of mixed nuts incorporating four or more varieties, mostly in canned form, representing hundreds of millions of pounds.

The individual nuts that make up mixed nuts are harvested from all over the world. As a Dallas Fed publication supporting free trade puts it,

Mixed nuts from a can

“In the average can of mixed nuts, you might find almonds from Italy, walnuts from China, Brazil nuts from Bolivia, cashews from India, pistachios from Turkey, hazelnuts from Canada—a true international assortment.”

This reality provides an incentive for nut salters to favor free trade for nuts, as opposed to nut farmers, who would generally support trade barriers. In fact, one historical argument for United States salters is that importing nuts can encourage domestic production, since mixed nuts provide a “wagon” on which everyone’s sales ride. For example, cashews are not produced in North America, and it is necessary to import them because mixed nuts are essential to the sale of pecans, which are grown exclusively in North America.

 

Because they are relatively inexpensive, peanuts are typically a major ingredient in mixed nuts, although they are viewed as less fancy than other nuts; often “deluxe mixed nuts” are advertised as containing no peanuts. Alrifai, a brand in the Middle East, Identifies the expensive nuts as kernels. In 2006, a batch of “deluxe” mixed nuts was recalled because peanuts had crept into the mix. The move was not to save face: peanuts are the ingredient of mixed nuts most commonly associated with life-threatening food allergies.

Less than 50% peanuts

Less dramatically, some mixed nuts advertise themselves to contain “less than 50% peanuts”. For a 60 Minutes segment that originally aired in 1997, Andy Rooney tested such a 12-ounce (340 g) can of Planters brand nuts, pleading boredom on a Saturday. He determined that “there was a tiny fraction less than six ounces of peanuts . . . amazing precision for a nut factory.” Later, in 2004, a cockeyed.com How much is inside? episode estimated that the peanut weight percentage in two such 11.5 oz cans was, in fact, a little over 50%.

Besides peanuts, cashews are usually the next least expensive nut, and in deluxe mixes they tend to be the most common ingredient. Hazelnuts and Brazil nuts are also “relatively cheap”, while pecans are the most expensive ingredient.

 

There are two different ways the nuts can be processed. The first is dry roasting, where heat is applied indirectly to the products. It is important that the nuts or seeds are stirred constantly to avoid over- and under-cooking. This method requires no additional ingredients. The second is oil frying, where the nuts go into preheated oil for a certain amount of time. There are various oil roasting methods from continuous, batch and curtain fryers. The ultimate impact on the nuts can vary; both methods are recommended by studies.

 

Percent composition by weight is a serious matter in the U.S., where mixed nuts have been regulated by the Food and Drug Administration since 1977. Up to that point, the phrase “mixed nuts” had been legally meaningless. A 1964 Consumer Reports investigation of 124 cans of mixed nuts, representing 31 brands bought in 17 American cities, determined that most mixed nuts of the time were mostly peanuts, often 75%; peanutless brands were usually dominated by cashews. Many cans bore misleading labels or were underfilled. Consumer Reports concluded, “What’s needed of course is a Federal standard of identity…”, detailing a list that of requirements that, with the exception of their desire to limit broken nuts, anticipated the 1977 rules.

On March 15, 1977, the FDA promulgated a new standard of identity for mixed nuts in 42 FR 14475. The present standard, as modified by 58 FR 2885, Jan. 6, 1993, requires that mixed nuts must contain at least four different varieties of tree nuts or peanuts. (Products with three or fewer varieties are now commonly labelled as simply “mixes”.) The container volume must be at least 85% filled, and the label must state whether any peanuts are unblanched or of the Spanish variety.

The most detailed section deals with weight percentages:

Brazil nuts ride on top of peanuts

“Each such kind of nut ingredient when used shall be present in a quantity not less than 2 percent and not more than 80 percent by weight of the finished food.”
Furthermore, if a variety X exceeds 50%, the label must conspicuously state “contains up to 60% X”, and so on in 10% increments up to 80%. (The first example given by the FDA is “contains up to 60% pecans”.) When testing mixed nuts for compliance, the FDA samples at least 24 pounds to reduce sampling error.

Modifying words like “fancy” or “choice” have not historically carried any legal meaning in the United States, and they remain absent from the current regulations. In a 1915 federal case against “fancy mixed nuts” that were argued by competitors to be an inferior grade, U. S. v. 25 Bags of Nuts, N. J. No. 4329 (1915), the court declined to accept a trade standard. The ruling said

“It seems to me that until the Department establishes a set standard of quality… it would be altogether unsafe… to make them amenable to such a vague and indefinite standard as I understand the Government seeks to establish by the testimony of men engaged in the business of handling nuts.”
Nutritional Benefits
A Harvard University Professor of Nutrition and Epidemiology, Dr. Frank Hu, reports that recent studies found daily nut-eaters were less likely to die of cancer, heart disease and respiratory disease.

Diabetic Dessert of the Week – CRANBERRY-ALMOND TARTS

November 26, 2020 at 6:02 AM | Posted in diabetes, diabetes friendly, Diabetic Dessert of the Week, Diabetic Gourmet Magazine | Leave a comment
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This week’s Diabetic Dessert of the Week is – CRANBERRY-ALMOND TARTS. The Tarts are made using Refrigerated Pie Crusts, Granulated Splenda No Calorie Sweetener, Water, Cranberries, Almonds, Almond Extract, Non-Dairy Whipped Topping, and Toasted Almond Slices. The Tarts are 100 calories and 8 net carbs per serving. You can find this Diabetic Friendly recipe and more all at the Diabetic Gourmet Magazine website. You can also sign up to receive wonderful recipes, engaging articles, helpful and healthful tips, critically important news and more. Enjoy and Eat Healthy in 2020! https://diabeticgourmet.com/

CRANBERRY-ALMOND TARTS
Cranberries and almond nestled in a flaky pastry make a sweet ending for a holiday party.

Ingredients

1/2 (15 ounce) container refrigerated pie crusts
3/4 cup Splenda No Calorie Sweetener, Granulated
1/3 cup water
1 (12 ounce) bag fresh or frozen cranberries, thawed
1/4 cup chopped almonds, toasted
1/2 teaspoon almond extract
1 (8 ounce) carton non-dairy whipped topping
1/4 cup toasted almond slices

Directions

1 – Preheat oven to 375 degrees F.
Unroll pastry and roll to 1/8-inch thickness on a lightly floured surface; using a 2- inch square cookie cutter, cut out 24 squares, re-rolling pastry, if necessary. Place squares in ungreased miniature muffin pans. Place in freezer.
2 – Combine Splenda Granulated Sweetener and water in a saucepan, stirring until blended. Stir in cranberries. Bring mixture to a boil over medium-high heat. Cook, stirring constantly 2 minutes or until berries pop. Pour through a wire-mesh sieve, set over a bowl. Return liquid to saucepan; reserving berries. Bring liquid to a boil; reduce heat and simmer 5 minutes or until liquid is reduced to about 3 tablespoons. Pour sauce over cranberries, tossing to coat. Stir in almonds and almond extract. Spoon mixture into pastry shells.
3 – Bake 15 to 20 minutes or until pastry is golden and filling is set. Carefully remove tarts from muffin tins; cool on a wire rack.
NOTES:
Cranberries and almond nestled in a flaky pastry make a sweet ending for a holiday party.

Recipe Yield: Servings Per Recipe: 24Serving Size: 1 square tart

NUTRITIONAL INFORMATION PER SERVING:
Calories: 100
Fat: 6 grams
Saturated Fat: 2.5 grams
Fiber: 1 grams
Sodium: 55 milligrams
Protein: 1 grams
Carbohydrates: 9 grams
Sugars: 3 grams
https://diabeticgourmet.com/diabetic-recipes/cranberry-almond-tarts

Granola Bars

October 24, 2020 at 6:01 AM | Posted in diabetes, diabetes friendly, Diabetes Self Management | Leave a comment
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I’m passing along a recipe for Granola Bars. These Delicious and Healthy Bars are made using Low Fat Granola, Stevia in the Raw, Sweetened Dried Cranberries, Almonds, Ground Cinnamon, Almond Extract, Egg, and Egg Whites. The Granola Bars are 80 calories and 10 net carbs per Bar. The recipe is from the Diabetes Self Management website where you can find a huge selection of Diabetic Friendly Recipes, Diabetes News, Diabetes Management Tips, and more! You can also subscribe to the Diabetes Self Management Magazine. Each issue is packed with Diabetes News and Diabetic Friendly Recipes. I’ve left a link to subscribe at the end of the post. Enjoy and Eat Healthy in 2020! https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/

Granola Bars
Containing just six wholesome ingredients, these wholesome, low-carb Granola Bars are the perfect snack for your next adventure!

Ingredients
Preparation time: 15 minutes
Baking time: 20 minutes

2 cups low-fat granola
2 tablespoons Stevia in the Raw
1/4 cup sweetened, dried cranberries
1/4 cup almonds, chopped
1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
1 teaspoon almond extract
1 large egg plus 1 egg white, lightly beaten

Directions
Yield: 12 bars
Serving size: about 1 ounce

1 – Preheat oven to 350˚F. Line the bottom and sides of an 8-inch square baking pan with wax paper or parchment paper, leaving a margin of paper along the top edges of the pan. Mix the first five ingredients together. In another bowl, mix the almond extract into the lightly beaten eggs. Pour the egg mixture over the dry ingredients and mix until evenly distributed. Press mixture into the prepared baking pan. Bake for 20 minutes or until lightly browned. Cool pan on a wire rack 5 minutes. Carefully grasp the edges of the wax paper to lift the bars from the pan. Place on a cutting board and cut into 12 bars with a sharp knife. Let cool completely, then store in an airtight container.

Nutrition Information:
Calories: 80 calories, Carbohydrates: 12 g, Protein: 3 g, Fat: 2.5 g, Saturated Fat: 0 g, Cholesterol: 15 mg, Sodium: 40 mg, Fiber: 2 g
https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/recipes/snack/granola-bars/

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Diabetic Dessert of the Week – Chocolate-Almond Crispy Treats

August 27, 2020 at 6:02 AM | Posted in diabetes, diabetes friendly, Diabetes Self Management, Diabetic Dessert of the Week | Leave a comment
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This week’s Diabetic Dessert of the Week is Chocolate-Almond Crispy Treats. The Treats are made using Gluten-Free Crisp Brown Rice Cereal, Almonds, Light Corn Syrup, Almond Butter, Brown Sugar, Unsweetened Cocoa Powder, Salt, and Semisweet Chocolate Chips. The recipe is from the Diabetes Self Management website where you can find a huge selection of Diabetic Friendly Recipes, Diabetes News, Diabetes Management Tips, and more! You can also subscribe to the Diabetes Self Management Magazine. Each issue is packed with Diabetes News and Diabetic Friendly Recipes. I’ve left a link to subscribe at the end of the post. Enjoy and Eat Healthy in 2020! https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/

Chocolate-Almond Crispy Treats
Why get store-bought when you can go with homemade? These chocolate delights are sure to satisfy — and they’re gluten free, to boot. Crispy brown rice cereal serves as the perfect base for chocolate chips, almond butter, toasted almonds and cocoa for a treat that can’t be beat!

Ingredients
6 cups gluten-free crisp brown rice cereal
1 1/2 cups sliced almonds, toasted*
1 cup light corn syrup
1/3 cup almond butter
1/4 cup packed brown sugar
3 tablespoons unsweetened cocoa powder
1/4 teaspoon salt
1 cup semisweet chocolate chips

Directions
Yield: 24 bars
Serving size: 1 bar

1 – Line 13×9-inch baking pan with parchment paper. Spray with nonstick cooking spray.

2 – Combine rice cereal and almonds in large bowl; set aside.

3 – Combine corn syrup, almond butter, brown sugar, cocoa, and salt in large saucepan. Cook and stir over medium heat 5 minutes or until mixture is smooth and just begins to boil across surface. Remove from heat.

4 – Immediately stir cereal mixture into saucepan. Gently fold in chocolate chips. Press firmly into prepared pan. Let stand 1 hour or until set. Cut into bars.

*Note: To toast almonds, spread in single layer in heavy skillet. Cook over medium heat 1 to 2 minutes or until nuts are lightly browned, stirring frequently.
Nutrition Information:
Calories: 170 calories, Carbohydrates: 27 g, Protein: 3 g, Fat: 7 g, Saturated Fat: 2 g, Cholesterol: 0 mg, Sodium: 45 mg, Fiber: 2 g
https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/recipes/desserts-sweets/chocolate-almond-crispy-treats/

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“Meatless Monday” Recipe of the Week – Cauliflower Pilaf

July 13, 2020 at 6:01 AM | Posted in Diabetes Self Management, Meatless Monday | Leave a comment
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This week’s “Meatless Monday” Recipe of the Week is a Cauliflower Pilaf. To make this week’s recipe you’ll be needing Cauliflower, Extra Virgin Olive Oil, Asafetida, Vegetable Stock, Sea Salt, Golden Raisins, Almonds, and Italian Parsley. Excellent side dish for any meal! The recipe is from the Diabetes Self Management website where you can find a huge selection of Diabetic Friendly Recipes, Diabetes News, Diabetes Management Tips, and more! You can also subscribe to the Diabetes Self Management Magazine. Each issue is packed with Diabetes News and Diabetic Friendly Recipes. I’ve left a link to subscribe at the end of the post. Enjoy and Eat Healthy in 2020! https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/

Cauliflower Pilaf
This satisfying faux-rice pilaf not only tastes good, but also makes an impressive side dish.

Ingredients
Preparation time: 10 minutes
Cooking time: 10 minutes.

1 large head cauliflower, cut into florets
2 tablespoons extra-virgin olive oil
Pinch asafetida
1/2 cup vegetable stock
Sea salt
1/2 cup golden raisins
1/2 cup slivered almonds
1/4 cup chopped fresh flat-leaf Italian parsley

Directions
Yield: 4 servings
Serving size: 1/4 of recipe

1. In a food processor fitted with the metal blade, process the cauliflower florets until they resemble the texture of rice (you can also grate them on the large holes of a box grater). Set aside.

2. In a medium skillet over medium-high heat, heat the olive oil. Add the asafetida and cook for about 45 seconds, stirring constantly until fragrant.

3. Add the cauliflower and cook for 2 to 3 minutes, stirring constantly until it softens slightly.

4. Stir in the vegetable stock and season to taste. Reduce the heat to low, cover and cook for 5 minutes more until the cauliflower is tender.

5. Remove from the heat and gently fold in the raisins, almonds and parsley. Taste and adjust the seasonings. Serve.

Note: For added color, substitute dried unsweetened cranberries for the raisins. You can also substitute hazelnuts or walnuts for the almonds.

Nutrition Information:
Calories: 206 calories, Carbohydrates: 21 g, Protein: 5 g, Fat: 13 g, Saturated Fat: 2 g, Cholesterol: 0 mg, Sodium: 237 mg , Fiber: 4 g
https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/recipes/sides/cauliflower-pilaf/

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Diabetic Dessert of the Week – Grilled Peaches With Spicy Cream Cheese Topping

May 28, 2020 at 6:02 AM | Posted in dessert, diabetes, diabetes friendly, Diabetes Self Management, Diabetic Dessert of the Week | Leave a comment
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This week’s Diabetic Dessert of the Week is Grilled Peaches With Spicy Cream Cheese Topping. Oh we have a good one this week, Grilled Peaches With Spicy Cream Cheese Topping! This one is made using Light Cream Cheese, Honey, Ground Red Pepper, Frozen Fat-Free Whipped Topping, Peaches, Almonds, and Mint Leaves. The recipe is from the Diabetes Self Management website where you can find a huge selection of Diabetic Friendly Recipes, Diabetes News, Diabetes Management Tips, and more! You can also subscribe to the Diabetes Self Management Magazine. Each issue is packed with Diabetes News and Diabetic Friendly Recipes. I’ve left a link to subscribe at the end of the post. Enjoy and Eat Healthy in 2020! https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/

Grilled Peaches With Spicy Cream Cheese Topping
Make the most of the early summer harvest with this delightful dessert prepared on the grill. With the classic flavor combination of peaches and almonds, this is sure to be a family favorite!

Ingredients
1/2 cup (4 ounces) light cream cheese, softened
1 tablespoon honey
1/4 teaspoon ground red pepper
2 cups thawed frozen fat-free whipped topping
6 peaches, halved and pits removed
1/4 cup slivered almonds, toasted*
Fresh mint leaves (optional)

Directions
Yield:
6 servings

1 – Prepare grill for direct cooking over medium-high heat. Spray grid with nonstick cooking spray.

2 – Gently stir cream cheese in medium bowl until smooth. Whisk in honey and ground red pepper until well blended. Fold in whipped topping. Cover and refrigerate until ready to use.

3 – Place peaches, cut sides down, on prepared grill. Grill, covered, 2–3 minutes. Turn over; grill 2–3 minutes or until peaches begin to soften. Remove to plate; let stand to cool slightly.

4 – Arrange 2 peach halves, cut sides up, on 6 serving plates. Top evenly with spicy cream cheese topping and almonds. Garnish with mint.

*Note. To toast almonds, spread in single layer in heavy skillet. Cook and stir over medium heat 1–2 minutes or until nuts are lightly browned, stirring frequently.

Nutrition Information:
Calories: 182 calories, Carbohydrates: 28 g, Protein: 4 g, Fat: 6 g, Saturated Fat: 2 g, Cholesterol: 13 mg, Sodium: 107 mg, Fiber: 3 g
https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/recipes/snack/grilled-peaches-with-spicy-cream-cheese-topping/

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Sunday’s Pork Roast Dinner Recipe – Cider-and-Beer-Braised Pork with Chocolate Molé

May 17, 2020 at 6:02 AM | Posted in CooksRecipes, Sunday’s Pork Roast Dinner Recipe | Leave a comment
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This week’s Sunday’s Pork Roast Dinner Recipe is a Cider-and-Beer-Braised Pork with Chocolate Molé. Some of the ingredients you’ll be using are a Boneless Pork Shoulder Roast (Boston Butt Roast), Almonds, Jalapeño, Paprika, Ancho Chile Powder, Lager Beer, Apple Cider, Mexican Chocolate, Rice, and more! That is one kicked up Boneless Pork Shoulder Roast! The recipe is from the CooksRecipes website. At the Cooks site you’ll find a huge selection of recipes to please all Tastes, Diets, or Cuisines so be sure to check it out today for any of recipe needs! Enjoy and Eat Healthy in 2020! https://www.cooksrecipes.com/index.html

Cider-and-Beer-Braised Pork with Chocolate Molé
Serve this incredibly delicious, fork-tender pork dish over a bowl hot rice. Make it a complete meal with a cool, green salad and warm flour tortillas.Recipe Ingredients:

2 1/4 pounds boneless pork shoulder roast (Boston Butt roast), exterior fat removed and cut into 1-inch cubes
1/2 teaspoon salt
3 tablespoons canola or olive oil
1 small onion, finely chopped
1/2 cup slivered almonds
1 large jalapeño chile, seeds removed and minced
1 clove garlic, minced
2 teaspoons whole coriander seeds
2 teaspoons cumin seed
2 teaspoons smoked paprika
2 teaspoons ancho chile powder
16 ounces lager beer (2 cups)
2 cups apple cider, or juice, pure pressed, pasteurized (not from concentrate)
3 ounces Mexican chocolate, grated or very finely chopped
3 limes, juiced and zested
6 cups hot cooked rice for accompaniment

Cooking Directions:
1 – Pat pork cubes dry with paper towels; season with salt.
2 – Heat 2 tablespoons of oil over medium-high heat in 5 to 6-quart heavy Dutch oven. Add half of the pork. Cook 2 to 3 minutes or until browned, stirring occasionally. Using slotted spoon, transfer pork to bowl. Brown remaining pork in remaining 1 tablespoon vegetable oil. Add all pork back to Dutch oven.
3 – Stir in onion, almonds, jalapeño and garlic. Cook, uncovered, over medium-low heat for 5 to 7 minutes or until onion is crisp-tender and translucent. Stir in coriander seed, cumin seed, smoked paprika and ancho chile powder; cook for 1 minute. Add beer and apple cider and bring to a simmer. Cover and gently simmer over medium-low or low heat for 2 hours.
4 – If desired, cool mixture. Cover and refrigerate for up to 1 day. Spoon and discard fat from top of chilled mixture. Heat mixture over medium-high heat.
5 – Stir in lime juice and zest, and chocolate into hot mixture. Serve over rice.
6 – To Plate: Spoon rice into shallow bowls and top with pork in molé sauce.
Makes 8 servings.

Tip: If Mexican chocolate is unavailable, use 3 ounces bittersweet chocolate plus 1 1/2 teaspoons ground cinnamon and 3 drops almond extract.

Nutritional Information Per Serving (1/8 of recipe; 3/4 cup pork molé plus 3/4 cup rice): Calories: 530; Total Fat: 18g; Saturated Fat: 4g; Cholesterol: 75mg; Total Carbs: 57g; Fiber: 4g; Protein: 30g; Sodium: 250mg.
https://www.cooksrecipes.com/pork/cider-and-beer-braised_pork_with_chocolate_mole_recipe.html

Diabetic Dessert of the Week – Mini Chocolate Toffee-Topped Cupcakes

April 9, 2020 at 6:02 AM | Posted in dessert, diabetes, diabetes friendly, Diabetes Self Management, Diabetic Dessert of the Week | Leave a comment
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This week’s Diabetic Dessert of the week is – Mini Chocolate Toffee-Topped Cupcakes. These are made using a package of Sugar Free Chocolate Cake Mix, Water, Egg Substitute, Canola Oil, Creamy Peanut Butter, Fat Free Whipped Topping, Almonds, Sugar Free Butter Toffee Candy, and Mini Semisweet Chocolate Chips. The Cupcakes are 132 calories and 19 carbs per serving. The recipe is from the Diabetes Self Management website where you can find a huge selection of Diabetic Friendly Recipes, Diabetes News, Diabetes Management Tips, and more! You can also subscribe to the Diabetes Self Management Magazine. Each issue is packed with Diabetes News and Diabetic Friendly Recipes. I’ve left a link to subscribe at the end of the post. Enjoy and Eat Healthy in 2020! https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/

Mini Chocolate Toffee-Topped Cupcakes
Looking for a treat to enjoy with your sweetheart this Valentine’s Day? These delicate homemade cupcakes are bound to delight! Sure to satisfy even the most discriminating chocoholic, they feature a moist cocoa base capped with crunchy almonds and butter toffee pieces.

Ingredients
1 package (about 16 ounces) sugar-free chocolate cake mix
1 cup water
3/4 cup cholesterol-free egg substitute
1/3 cup canola oil
2 tablesoons natural creamy peanut butter
1/2 (8-ounce) container thawed frozen fat-free whipped topping
1 ounce slivered almonds, toasted*
12 sugar-free butter-toffee hard candies, lightly crushed**
1/4 cup mini semisweet chocolate chips

Directions
Yield: 48 mini cupcakes
Serving size: 2 mini cupcakes

1- Preheat oven to 325°F. Spray 48 mini (1 3/4-inch) muffin cups with nonstick cooking spray.

2 – Combine cake mix, water, egg substitute, and oil in large bowl; beat with electric mixer at low speed 30 seconds or until moistened. Beat at medium speed 2 minutes. Spoon heaping tablespoon batter into each prepared muffin cup.

3 – Bake 10 to 12 minutes or until toothpick inserted into centers comes out clean. Cool in pans on wire racks 5 minutes. Remove to wire racks; cool completely.

4 – Meanwhile, microwave peanut butter in small microwavable bowl on HIGH 20 to 30 seconds or until slightly melted. Place whipped topping in medium bowl. Fold peanut butter into whipped topping until well combined. Cover and refrigerate until ready to use. Combine almonds, crushed candies and chocolate chips in small bowl; set aside.

5 – Top each cupcake evenly with whipped topping mixture and chocolate chip mixture.

*Note: To toast almonds, spread in single layer on baking sheet. Bake in preheated 350°F oven 8 to 10 minute or until golden brown, stirring frequently

**Note: To crush candy, place in a sealed plastic bag. Use rolling pin or meat mallet to crush candies.

Nutrition Information:
Calories: 132 calories, Carbohydrates: 20 g, Protein: 2 g, Fat: 6 g, Saturated Fat: 1 g, Cholesterol: 0 mg, Sodium: 172 mg, Fiber: 1 g
https://www.diabetesselfmanagement.com/recipes/desserts-sweets/mini-chocolate-toffee-topped-cupcakes/

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One of America’s Favorites – Peanut Butter

February 3, 2020 at 6:02 AM | Posted in One of America's Favorites | Leave a comment
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“Smooth” peanut butter in a jar

Peanut butter is a food paste or spread made from ground, dry-roasted peanuts. It often contains additional ingredients that modify the taste or texture, such as salt, sweeteners, or emulsifiers. Peanut butter is popular in many countries. The United States is a leading exporter of peanut butter and itself consumes $800 million of peanut butter annually.

Peanut butter is served as a spread on bread, toast, or crackers, and used to make sandwiches (notably the peanut butter and jelly sandwich). It is also used in a number of breakfast dishes and desserts, such as peanut-flavored granola, smoothies, crepes, cookies, brownies, or croissants. It is similar to other nut butters such as cashew butter and almond butter.

The two main types of peanut butter are crunchy (or chunky) and smooth (or creamy). In crunchy peanut butter, some coarsely-ground peanut fragments are included to give extra texture. The peanuts in smooth peanut butter are ground uniformly, creating a creamy texture.

In the US, food regulations require that any product labelled “peanut butter” must contain at least 90% peanuts; the remaining <10% usually consists of “…salt, a sweetener, and an emulsifier or hardened vegetable oil which prevents the peanut oil from separating”. In the US, no product labelled as “peanut butter” can contain “artificial sweeteners, chemical preservatives, natural or artificial coloring additives.” Some brands of peanut butter are sold without emulsifiers that bind the peanut oils with the peanut paste, and so require stirring after separation. Most major brands of peanut butter add white sugar, but there are others that use dried cane syrup, agave syrup, or coconut palm sugar.

Organic and artisanal peanut butters are available, but their markets are small.

A tractor being used to complete the first stage of the peanut harvesting process

Production process
Planting and harvesting
Due to weather conditions, peanuts are usually planted in spring. The peanut comes from a yellow flower which bends over and infiltrates the soil after blooming and wilting, and the peanut starts to grow in the soil. Peanuts are harvested from late August to October, while the weather is clear. This weather allows for dry soil so that when picked, the soil does not stick to the stems and pods. The peanuts are then removed from vines and transported to a peanut shelling machine for mechanical drying. After cropping, the peanuts are delivered to warehouses for cleaning, where they are stored unshelled in silos.

Shelling
Shelling must be conducted carefully lest the seeds be damaged during the removal of the shell. The moisture of the unshelled peanuts is controlled to avoid excessive frangibility of the shells and kernels, which in turn, reduces the amount of dust present in the plant. After, the peanuts are sent to a series of rollers set specifically for the batch of peanuts, where they are cracked. After cracking, the peanuts go through a screening process where they are inspected for contaminants.

Roasting
The dry roasting process employs either the batch or continuous method. In the batch method, peanuts are heated in large quantities in a revolving oven at about 800 °F (427 °C). Next, the peanuts in each batch are uniformly held and roasted in the oven at 320 °F (160 °C) for about 40 to 60 minutes. This method is good to use when the peanuts differ in moisture content. In the continuous method, a hot air roaster is employed. The peanuts pass through the roaster whilst being rocked to permit even roasting. A photometer indicates the completion of dry roasting. This method is favored by large manufacturers since it can lower the rate of spoilage and requires less labor.

Cooling
After dry roasting, peanuts are removed from the oven as quickly as possible and directly placed in a blower-cooler cylinder. There are suction fans in the metal cylinder that can pull a large volume of air through, so the peanuts can be cooled more efficiently. The peanuts will not be dried out because cooling can help retain some oil and moisture. The cooling process is completed when the temperature in the cylinder reaches 86 °F (30 °C).

Blanching
After the kernels have been cooled down, the peanuts will undergo either heat blanching or water blanching to remove the remaining seed coats. Compared to heat blanching, water blanching is a new process. Water blanching first appeared in 1949.

Heat blanching
Peanuts are heated by hot air at 280 °F (138 °C) for not more than 20 minutes in order to soften and split the skins. After that, the peanuts are exposed to continuous steam in a blanching machine. The skins are then removed using either bristles or soft rubber belts. After that, these skins are separated and blown into waste bags. Meanwhile, the hearts of peanuts are segregated through inspection.

Water blanching
After the kernels are arranged in troughs, the skin of the kernel is cracked on opposite sides by rolling it through sharp stationary blades. While the skins are removed, the kernels are brought through a one-minute hot water bath and placed on a swinging pad with canvas on top. The swinging action of the pad rubs off the skins. Afterward, the blanched kernels are dried for at least six hours by hot air at 120 °F (49 °C).

After blanching, the peanuts are screened and inspected to eliminate the burnt and rotten peanuts. A blower is also used to remove light peanuts and discolored peanuts are removed using a color sorting machine.

Grinding
After blanching the peanuts are sent to grinding to be manufactured into peanut butter. The peanuts are then sent through two sizes of grinders. The first grinder produces a medium grind, and the second produces a fine grind. At this point, salt, sugar and a vegetable oil stabilizer are added to the fine grind to produce the peanut butter. This adds flavor and allows the peanut butter to stay as a homogenous mixture. Chopped peanuts may also be added at this stage to produce “chunky” peanut butter.

Packaging

A jar of commercial “creamy” peanut butter

Before packaging, the peanut butter must first be cooled in order to be sealed in jars. The mixture is pumped into a heat exchanger in order to cool it to about 120 °F (49 °C). Once cool, the peanut butter is pumped into jars and vacuum sealed. This vacuum sealing rids the container of oxygen so that oxidation cannot occur, preserving the food. The jars are then labelled and set aside until crystallization occurs. The peanut butter is then packaged into cartons distributed to retailers, where they are stored at room temperature and sold to consumers.

A 2012 article stated that “China and India are the first and second largest producers, respectively”, of peanuts. The United States of America “…is the third largest producer of peanuts (Georgia and Texas are the two major peanut-producing states)” and “more than half of the American peanut crop goes into making peanut butter.”

Nutritional profile
In a 100 gram amount, smooth peanut butter supplies 588 Calories and is composed of 50% fat, 25% protein, 20% carbohydrates (including 6% dietary fiber), and 2% water (table).

Peanut butter is a rich source (20% or more of the Daily Value, DV) of dietary fiber, vitamin E, pantothenic acid, niacin, and vitamin B6 (table, USDA National Nutrient Database). Also high in content are the dietary minerals manganese, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, and copper (table). Peanut butter is a moderate source (10–19% DV) of thiamin, iron, and potassium (table).

Both crunchy/chunky and smooth peanut butter are sources of saturated (primarily palmitic acid, 21% of total fat) and monounsaturated fats, mainly oleic acid as 47% of total fat, and polyunsaturated fat (28% of total fat), primarily as linoleic acid).

Peanut allergy
For people with a peanut allergy, peanut butter can cause a variety of possible allergic reactions, including life-threatening anaphylaxis. This potential effect has led to banning peanut butter, among other common foods, in some schools.

Symptoms
* Shortness of breath
* Wheezing
* Tightening of the throat
* Itching
* Skin reactions such as hives and swelling
* Digestive problems

Peanut butter cookies, a popular type of cookie made from peanut butter and other ingredients

As an ingredient
Peanut butter is included as an ingredient in many recipes: peanut butter and jelly sandwiches, peanut butter cookies, and candies where peanut is the main flavor, such as Reese’s Pieces, or various peanut butter and chocolate treats, such as Reese’s Peanut Butter Cups and the Crispy Crunch candy bar.

Peanut butter’s flavor combines well with other flavors, such as oatmeal, cheese, cured meats, savory sauces, and various types of breads and crackers. The creamy or crunchy, fatty, salty taste pairs very well with complementary soft and sweet ingredients like fruit preserves, bananas, apples, and honey. The taste can also be enhanced by similarly salty things like bacon (see peanut butter, banana and bacon sandwich), especially if the peanut butter has added sweetness.

One snack for children is called “Ants on a Log”, with a celery stick acting as the “log”. The groove in the celery stick is filled with peanut butter and raisins arranged in a row along the top are “ants”.

Plumpy’nut is a peanut butter-based food used to fight malnutrition in famine-stricken countries. A single pack contains 500 calories, can be stored unrefrigerated for 2 years, and requires no cooking or preparation.

As animal food
Peanut butter inside a hollow chew toy is a method to occupy a dog with a favored treat. A common outdoor bird feeder is a coating of peanut butter on a pine cone with an overlying layer of birdseed.

Teriyaki Turkey and Rice

January 24, 2020 at 6:01 AM | Posted in Jennie-O, Jennie-O Turkey Products | Leave a comment
Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , ,

Today’s 2nd Jennie – O Turkey Recipe is a Recipe for Teriyaki Turkey and Rice. With this recipe you’ll be needing JENNIE-O Savory Roast Turkey Breast Tenderloin, Red Peppers, Red Onion, Pineapple, Teriyaki Sauce, Frozen Green Peas, Jasmine Rice, Almonds, and Cilantro. You can find this recipe along with all the other Delicious and Healthy Jennie – O Recipes at the Jennie – O Turkey website. Enjoy and Make the SWITCH IN 2020!

Teriyaki Turkey and Rice
Fresh, fruity and flavorful, this Asian weeknight dinner recipe is brimming with fresh veggies, tender stir-fried turkey tenderloins and crunchy almonds. Low in fat and under 500 calories per serving.

INGREDIENTS
1 tablespoon vegetable oil
1 (24-ounce) package JENNIE-O® Savory Roast Turkey Breast Tenderloin, thinly sliced
1 red pepper, thinly sliced
¾ cup thinly sliced red onion wedges
1 cup pineapple pieces
⅓ cup teriyaki sauce
1 cup frozen green peas
2 cups jasmine rice, cooked
½ cup sliced almonds, toasted
3 tablespoons chopped cilantro

DIRECTIONS
1) Heat wok or skillet over high heat. Add oil and stir-fry turkey strips 5 to 7 minutes or until well-done, 165°F as measured by a meat thermometer.
2) Add red pepper, onion and pineapple. Stir-fry 3 minutes or until peppers are tender-crisp.
3) Add teriyaki sauce, peas, rice, almonds and cilantro; stir-fry 3 to 5 minutes or until hot.
* Always cook to an internal temperature of 165°F.

RECIPE NUTRITION INFORMATION
PER SERVING

Calories 330
Protein 27g
Carbohydrates 41g
Fiber 4g
Sugars 9g
Fat 6g
Cholesterol 50mg
Sodium 770mg
Saturated Fat 1g
https://www.jennieo.com/recipes/529-teriyaki-turkey-and-rice

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