Tags: Bagels, Cheese, Cooking, Cream cheese, Food, One of America's Favorites, PHILADELPHIA Cream Cheese
Cream cheese is a soft, mild-tasting cheese with a high fat content. Stabilizers such as carob bean gum and carrageenan are added.
The U.S. Department of Agriculture defines the dairy product as containing at least 33% milk fat (as marketed) with a moisture content of not more than 55%, and a pH range of 4.4 to 4.9. In other countries, it is defined differently and may need a considerably higher fat content.
Cream cheese is not naturally matured and is meant to be consumed fresh, and so it differs from other soft cheeses such as Brie and Neufchâtel. It is more comparable in taste, texture and production methods to Boursin and Mascarpone.
Early prototypes of cream cheese were referenced in England as early as 1583 and in France as early as 1651. Recipes are recorded soon after 1754, particularly from Lincolnshire and the southwest of England.
In the United States – Recipes for the making of cream cheese can be found in US cookbooks and newspapers beginning in the mid-eighteenth century. By the second decade of the 19th century, Philadelphia and its environs had gained a reputation for this cheese. The cheese, however, was produced on family farms and so quantities for distribution were small. Around 1873, William A. Lawrence, a Chester, NY, dairyman, was the first to mass-produce cream cheese. In 1873 he purchased a Neufchatel factory and shortly thereafter, by adding cream to the process, was able to create a richer cheese, that he called “cream cheese”. In 1877 he created the first brand for cream cheese: the silhouette of a cow followed by the words: Neufchatel & Cream Cheese. In 1879, in order to create a larger factory, Lawrence partnered with a Chester merchant, Samuel S Durland. In 1880, Alvah L Reynolds, a New York cheese distributor, began to sell the cheese of Lawrence & Durland and created a brand name for it: Philadelphia Cream Cheese. Reynolds chose the name based on the reputation Philadelphia had for such cheese. By the end of 1880, faced with increasing demand for his Philadelphia brand, Reynolds turned to Charles Green, a second Chester dairyman, who, by 1880, had been manufacturing cream cheese. Some of Green’s cheese was, now, also sold under the Philadelphia label. In 1892, Reynolds bought the Empire Cheese Co. of South Edmeston, NY to produce cheese under his Philadelphia label.
When that burned down in 1900, he turned, the following year, to the newly formed Phenix Cheese Co. to produce his cheese. In 1903, Reynolds sold the rights to his Philadelphia brand to Phenix (which merged with Kraft in 1928). By the early 1880s, in addition to Philadelphia brand, was Star, a second cream cheese brand of Lawrence & Durland, and Green’s World and Globe brands. At the turn of the 19th century, New York dairymen were producing cream cheese for a number of other brands: Double Cream (C. Percival); Eagle (F.X. Baumert); Empire (Phenix Cheese Co.); Mohican (International Cheese Co.); Monroe Cheese Co. (Gross & Hoffman); and Nabob (F.H. Legget).
Cream cheese is often spread on bread, bagels, crackers, etc., and used as a dip for potato chips and similar snack items, and in salads. It can be mixed with other ingredients to make spreads, such as yogurt-cream spread (1.25 parts cream cheese, 1 part yogurt, whipped).
Cream cheese can be used for many purposes in sweet and savoury cookery, and is in the same family of ingredients as other milk products, such as cream, milk, butter, and yogurt. It can be used in cooking to make cheesecake and to thicken sauces and make them creamy. Cream cheese is sometimes used in place of or with butter (typically two parts cream cheese to one part butter) when making cakes or cookies, and cream cheese frosting. It is the main ingredient in crab rangoon, an appetizer commonly served at US Chinese restaurants. It can also be used instead of butter or olive oil in mashed potatoes. It is also commonly used in some western-style sushi rolls.
American cream cheese tends to have lower fat content than elsewhere, but “Philadelphia” branded cheese is sometimes suggested as a substitute for petit suisse.
Cream cheese is easy to make at home, and many methods and recipes are used. Consistent, reliable, commercial manufacture is more difficult. Normally, protein molecules in milk have a negative surface charge, which keeps milk in a liquid state; the molecules act as surfactants, forming micelles around the particles of fat and keeping them in emulsion. Lactic acid bacteria are added to pasteurized and homogenized milk. During the fermentation at around 22 °C (72 °F), the pH of the milk decreases (it becomes more acidic). Amino acids at the surface of the proteins begin losing charge and become neutral, turning the fat micelles from hydrophilic to hydrophobic state and causing the liquid to coagulate. If the bacteria are left in the milk too long, the pH lowers further, the micelles attain a positive charge and the mixture returns to liquid form. The key, then, is to kill the bacteria by heating the mixture to 52–63 °C (126–145 °F) at the moment the cheese is at the isoelectric point, meaning the state at which half the ionizable surface amino acids of the proteins are positively charged and half are negative.
Inaccurate timing of the heating can produce inferior or unsalable cheese due to variations in flavor and texture. Cream cheese has a higher fat content than other cheeses, and fat repels water, which tends to separate from the cheese; this can be avoided in commercial production by adding stabilizers such as guar or carob gums to prolong its shelf life.
In Spain and Mexico, cream cheese is sometimes called by the generic name queso filadelfia, following the marketing of Philadelphia branded cream cheese by Kraft Foods.
Tags: Cheese, Cooking, Crab, Crab Puffs, Crab Rangoon, Cream cheese, Food, Seafood, Seafood of the Week
Crab rangoon are deep-fried dumpling appetizers served in American Chinese and, more recently, Thai restaurants, stuffed with a combination of cream cheese, lightly flaked crab meat (more commonly, canned crab meat or imitation crab meat), with scallions, and/or garlic. These fillings are then wrapped in Chinese wonton wrappers in a triangular or flower shape, then deep fried in vegetable oil.
Crab rangoon has been on the menu of the “Polynesian-style” restaurant Trader Vic’s in San Francisco since at least 1956. Although the appetizer is allegedly derived from an authentic Burmese recipe, the dish was probably invented in the United States. A “Rangoon crab a la Jack” was mentioned as a dish at a Hawaiian-style party in 1952, but without further detail, and so may or may not be the same thing.
Though the history of crab rangoon is unclear, cream cheese, like other cheese, is essentially nonexistent in Southeast Asian and Chinese cuisine, so it is unlikely that the dish is actually of east or southeast Asian origin. In North America, crab rangoon is served often with soy sauce, plum sauce, duck sauce, sweet and sour sauce, or mustard for dipping.
In the Pacific Northwest states of America crab rangoon are also known as crab puffs, although this primarily refers to versions that use puff pastry as a wrapper instead of wonton. They may also be referred to as crab pillows, crab cheese wontons, or cheese wontons.
Tags: Bagels, Cooking, Cream cheese, Food, Lox, Salt, Seafood, Seafood of the Week
Lox is a fillet of brined salmon. Traditionally, lox is served on a bagel with cream cheese, and is usually garnished with tomato, sliced red onion, and sometimes capers, which diners may or may not opt to add to the bagel. Some American preparations of scrambled eggs or frittata include a mince of lox and onion.
* Nova or Nova Scotia salmon, sometimes called Nova lox, is cured with a milder brine and then cold-smoked. The name dates from a time when much of the salmon in New York City came from Nova Scotia. Today, however, the name refers to the milder brining, as compared to regular lox (or belly lox), and the fish may come from other waters or even be raised on farms.
* Scotch or Scottish-style salmon. A mixture of salt and sometimes sugars, spices, and other flavorings is applied directly to the meat of the fish; this is called “dry-brining” or “Scottish-style.” The brine mixture is then rinsed off, and the fish is cold-smoked.
* Nordic-style smoked salmon. The fish is salt-cured and cold-smoked.
* Gravad lax or gravlax. This is a traditional Nordic means of preparing salmon. The salmon is coated with a spice mixture, which often includes dill, sugars, salt, and spices like juniper berry. It is often served with a sweet mustard-dill sauce.
Other similar brined and smoked fish products are also popular in delis and fish stores, particularly in Chicago & the New York City boroughs, such as chubs, Sable (smoked cod), smoked sturgeon, smoked whitefish, and kippered herring.
Tags: Baking, Cake, Cream cheese, Flour, Pumpkin, Splenda, Teaspoon, Whipped cream
Thank you to Carol for passing along this Fall Diabetic Friendly Dessert!
3 large eggs or 3/4 cup of Egg Beater‘s (Equal of 3 Eggs)
1/2 cup Splenda Sugar Blend for Baking
1 tablespoon Splenda Sugar Blend for Baking
1 cup canned pumpkin
1 teaspoon lemon juice
1 cup self-rising flour
2 teaspoons ground cinnamon
1 teaspoon ground nutmeg
1 cup pecans, finely chopped
* Note – I haven’t tried this yet but the Pecans should work as part of the filling instead of the Roll if you prefer.
For Cake: Beat eggs (or Egg Beater’s) and 1/2 cup Splenda Sugar Blend for Baking for 5 minutes in mixing bowl on medium speed of mixer.
Stir in 1 cup pecans (finely chopped), pumpkin, and lemon juice. Blend in flour, cinnamon and nutmeg until well combined.
Line a jelly roll pan with waxed paper. Spread batter evenly in pan. Bake in preheated 350°F oven 5 to 8 minutes or until woodenpick comes out clean. Cool 3 minutes in pan; turn out onto a cloth and roll up from the narrow end.
Chill in refrigerator until completely cool.
For Filling: Beat cream cheese, whipped topping and 1 tablespoon Splenda Sugar Blend for Baking in mixing bowl on medium speed of mixer until smooth and spreadable.
Unroll pumpkin roll and spread with filling. Re-roll. Cover and refrigerate until ready to serve. Slice cake into pinwheels.
Makes 8 servings.
Tags: Cheese, cook, Cream cheese, Fruit, Home, Room temperature, Sandwiches, Spreads and Fillings
When baking a recipe that calls for cream cheese, be sure it’s at room temperature before you start, and make sure you beat it so it’s light and fluffy before adding any other ingredients, especially eggs.
Tags: Cheese, cook, Cream cheese, Food, Home, Plastic wrap, Room temperature, Shopping
Hint #2 – To keep meat or cheese meat hors d’ oeuvres moist, cover them with a damp paper towel, then cover them loosely with plastic wrap. Many fillings (as well as bread) dry out very quickly, but with this tip, you make these simple appetizers first and have them on the table when guests arrive.
Tags: Bake, Cheese, cook, Cream cheese, Jalapeño, Parmigiano-Reggiano, Ranch dressing, Sausage
Sausage Stuffed Jalapenos
1 pound ground pork sausage
1 (8 ounce) package cream cheese,
1 cup shredded Parmesan cheese
1 pound large fresh jalapeno peppers,
halved lengthwise and seeded
1 (8 ounce) bottle Ranch dressing
1. Preheat oven to 425 degrees F (220 degrees C).
2. Place sausage in a skillet over medium heat, and cook until evenly brown. Drain grease.
3. In a bowl, mix the sausage, cream cheese, and Parmesan cheese. Spoon about 1 tablespoon sausage mixture into each jalapeno half. Arrange stuffed halves in baking dishes.
4. Bake 20 minutes in the preheated oven, until bubbly and lightly browned. Serve with Ranch dressing.
Tags: Betty Crocker, Chocolate brownie, Cream cheese, dessert, Home, Mixer (cooking), PHILADELPHIA Cream Cheese, Sugar
I made a couple of pans of the classic PHILADELPHIA Marble Brownies, one for the house here and another I took over to my Dad in the rehab center. Which he shared with the nurses and everyone was happy! I reduced the fat, calories and carbs by using a Betty Crocker Low Fat Brownie Mix, 1/3 Less Fat Philly Cream Cheese, Splenda Sugar, and Egg Beater‘s. You couldn’t tell the difference, they came out moist and tasty!
PHILADELPHIA Marble Brownies
A generations-old recipe that never loses its appeal mostly because, as one fan says, “It’s the BEST way to have both a brownie & a cheesecake simultaneously.”
What You Need
1 pkg. (18.3 to 19.5 oz.) brownie mix (family size)
1 pkg. (8 oz.) PHILADELPHIA Cream Cheese, softened
1/3 cup sugar
1/2 tsp. vanilla
HEAT oven to 350ºF.
PREPARE brownie batter as directed on package; spread into greased 13×9-inch pan.
BEAT cream cheese with mixer until creamy. Add sugar, egg and vanilla; mix well. Drop by tablespoonfuls over brownie batter; swirl with knife.
BAKE 35 to 40 min. or until cream cheese mixture is lightly browned. Cool completely before cutting to serve. Keep refrigerated.
Kraft Kitchens TipsNoteFor best results, do not use brownie mix with a syrup pouch.Special ExtraSprinkle 1/2 cup BAKER’S Semi-Sweet Chocolate Chunks over brownie batter before baking.SubstitutePrepare using PHILADELPHIA Neufchatel Cheese
nutritional info per serving
Calories 150 Total fat 8 g Saturated fat 2.5 g Cholesterol 25 mg Sodium 80 mg Carbohydrate 17 g Dietary fiber 0 g Sugars 13 g Protein 2 g
Tags: Bain-marie, Baking, Cake, Cheesecake, Cream cheese, Room temperature, Sour cream, Sugar
When preparing a cheesecake, go exactly by the recipe and don’t make any substitutions. You’ll have a much better chance at success.
* When you bake a cheesecake at a low temperature there’s less chance of it shrinking from the sides of the pan.
* Don’t open the oven for the first 30 minutes when baking cheesecake. The cheesecake may develop cracks or partially collapse.
* Cheesecakes will develop cracks when they are overcooked. They’re done when the center of the cake is still wobbly and shaky – which may look underdone to you.
* Flourless cheesecakes need to be baked in a pan of water(called a bain-marie, or water bath) to keep the eggs from coagulating.
Tags: Corn starch, Cream, Cream cheese, Dietary fiber, Milk, Mousse, Saturated fat, Splenda
With Christmas coming up shortly here’s a couple of Diabetic Friendly Desserts for those that have to watch carbs. A reader that follows my blog passed these along to me to share. He said they came from a Diabetic Cookbook that contained Splenda made desserts. Enjoy and Merry Christmas!
3 ounces Unsweetened Chocolate
1 cup Low Fat Milk
1/4 cup Egg Beater‘s Egg Substitute
1/2 cup Splenda Granular
1 teaspoon Corn Starch
2 tablespoons Grand Marnier
1/2 cup Heavy Cream
3 cups sliced Strawberries
Place chocolate and milk in a medium size saucepan. Heat over medium heat until chocolate melts.
Stir together egg substitute, SPLENDA®, corn starch and Grand Marnier in a small mixing bowl. Add to chocolate mixture. Stir constantly. Heat over medium heat while stirring constantly until mixture begins to thicken (approximately 3 to 4 minutes). Remove from heat, pour into the bowl of a blender or food processor. Blend or process briefly (10 to 20 seconds) to make a more creamy texture. Pour into mixing bowl and cover.
Refrigerate chocolate mixture approximately 2 to 3 hours or until cool.
Whip cream and fold into chocolate. Refrigerate overnight to set. Will keep refrigerated for 3 days.
To serve layer strawberries and mousse in 6 all-purpose wine glasses.
Makes 6 servings.
Easy Pineapple Cheesecake
1 (8 ounce) package Reduced Fat Philly Cream Cheese, softened
1/2 cup Splenda No Calorie Sweetener, Granulated
2 (15-ounce) cans Dole Crushed Pineapple, drained
1 3/4 cups Cool Whip Free Whipped Topping
1 (9 inch) prepared graham cracker crust
In a large bowl, mix cream cheese and SPLENDA® Granulated Sweetener together. Stir in 1 can of pineapple and whipped topping to cream cheese mixture. Mix until smooth.
Pour mixture into crust and top with other can of pineapple. Cover and chill for 2 hours.
Makes 8 servings.
Nutritional Information Per Serving (1/8 of recipe): Calories 330 | Calories from Fat 170 | Fat 19g (sat 10g) | Cholesterol 30mg | Sodium 230mg | Carbohydrates 38g | Fiber 1g | Sugars 28g | Protein 4g